Blog 45 Colonizing Mars Step 1: Design by award-winning author, adventurer and scientist Mark Kingston Levin PhD.

Figure 1. SpaceX looks to colonize Mars. The new BFR is designed to be 387 feet (118 meters) high. The payload is immense; it can carry 100 metric tons all the way to the surface of Mars.

Figure 2. Future possible colony with underground protected plant growth.

Figure 3. Screen shot of a Tail-First landing; this is the way of the future Mars missions.

Computer simulation is being done now to show how Cyril Hume, the writer of science fiction tale Forbidden Planet, had it right. Tail first landing. A screenshot of one such landing simulation is shown in Figure 2. This ship is named BFR. “The BFR is designed to land almost anywhere in the solar system,” SpaceX owner Elon Musk said when the new design was released to the Press.
We need to become a multi-planet species to survive for long periods of millions of years. We the Americans must focus first on Mars and later other stars in our neighborhood.

Colonization will mean many permanent habitats that have potential for self-expansion and self-sustenance. Two early proposals for building habitats on Mars are the Mars Direct and the Semi-Direct concepts, advocated by Robert Zubrin PhD and Martin Marietta, aerospace engineer and a driving force behind Mars Direct Project.

Elon Musk is funding and developing a series of Mars-bound cargo flights with the BFR rocket. As early as 2024, the first crewed flight will depart to Mars utilizing a launch window when the planets are aligned for the shortest distance between them. During the first phase, the goal will be to launch several BFRs to transport and assemble a methane/oxygen propellant plant and to build up a base in preparation for an expanded surface presence. A successful colonization would ultimately involve many more economic actors—whether individuals, companies, or governments—to facilitate the growth of the human presence on Mars over many decades. We should welcome the Russians, Europeans, Chinese and all others.

Figure 4. Possible Mars colony with surface structure made from ice near the poles.

Mark Kingston Levin PhD author of 30th Century series book 2 30th Century: Revived, which was release on Amazon April 29, 2018.


Dr. Levin won the IRWIN for the Best Science Fiction Book of 2017 for the first book in the series, 30th Century: Escape. To read the first three chapters, see

For questions and comments write to Dr. Levin

Dr. Levin was born and grew up in Vermont with many winters spent in Florida as a child. As a teenager he wrote poetry, served as a lifeguard and played football. He currently enjoys sailing, exploring underwater caves, snorkeling, writing science fiction and other pursuits. After working on the Apollo and Mars projects, he returned to school to study under Nobel Laureate Paul Dirac, obtaining his PhD in 2.5 years. Dr. Levin founded two companies and served the science policy apparatus in President Ford’s administration. He has been published over 44 times in scientific literature and was awarded over 32 US patents. The science fiction writer is now emerging with his first work, a trilogy titled 30th Century.

The first award-winning book, 30th Century: Escape, is currently available on Amazon both in its original erotic form BUY HERE and the new, toned-down General Audience Edition in both Kindle and in full-color print BUY PRINT HERE. Book two in the series, 30th Century: Revived, is available HERE in both e-book and print. Look for book 3 in the series, 30th Century: Contact, by early 2019!


NEW: Your opportunity to be part of the process! If you sign up to be a Beta Reader, I will email you an Advanced Reader Copy (ARC) of Book 3, 30th Century: Contact, in either PDF or Kindle. You read and tell me how you would make it stronger by sending an email to Dr. Levin

2019-01-30T13:06:34-08:00 January 17th, 2019|Blog, Space|